Tag Archives: maritime archaeology

The Hanseatic city of Stralsund

Studying maritime archaeology in Esbjerg: Field school and summer events

We have been very busy the last few months with school, traveling and celebrating the holidays. That is why we will take you a few months back and tell you about all the exiting things we have been doing since May.

The International Viking Market

A few weeks before our final exam of the year, the International Viking Market was held in the Viking Centre in Ribe. To gain extra information about the Vikings for our exam, but also for a nice day out, we had organized a trip to the Viking Centre with MASE. In the Viking Centre people dress up and live like the Vikings did, and it can be compared to the Dutch theme park Archeon. Houses, food, games, everything was made and done as it would have been in the Viking Age hundreds of years ago. We went into different houses and even had the change to feel like Ragnar Lothbrock, by sitting in the Viking throne. We played Viking games (board and throwing games, no beer involved J) and witnessed a Viking battle and a horse show. On the market itself, they sold everything that would have been used during the Viking Age. The people who sold their goods came from all over Europe. It was a very interesting and nice day, and we learnt a little bit more about the Vikings.

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Field school

The field school started on the first of June., and took place in Mukran on the island of Rügen, Germany. We stayed on the campsite of a hostel in Prora. This area is famous for the colossal hotels that were built for Nazi-tourism. The hostel itself had been renovated from Nazi-hotel-ruin to the Jugendherberg where we stayed. For three weeks we dived at a 16th century wreck, probably of Danish origin. We made drawings, photos and videos of the wreck, and also got coordinates so we have the exact location of the wreck. The wreck had first been documented in the mid ’80’s and since then a lot of archaeologists and divers have had a look at it. The documentation of the wreck was however not up to today’s standard, and that is why it was up to us to make a final and exact recording of the wreck. During previous investigations quite a lot of finds were recovered. Therefore, we also had a look at these finds. The finds of the wreck were mostly located in Schwerin, a two-hour drive from Prora. Here we documented all the finds. There were guns, one wrought iron gun and a bronze gun, a lot of wooden artefacts, pottery and metal objects. These finds were photographed and the interesting ones were also drawn. For the two guns a photogrammetry model was made, so we can have a good look at them in 3D.

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Every day there was a dive team and a land team. The dive team was split up in two teams, one would dive in the morning, the second group would dive in the afternoon. The wreck needed to be cleaned first, which took much longer than expected, since the wreck was totally covered with seaweed and rocks. All the timbers needed to be tagged and drawn separately. Once the wreck was cleaned and the timbers were tagged, a diver with a GoPro could film the wreck in order to make a photogrammetry model of it. This coming semester we will work on the model and other documentation, and write a report on the wreck. The land team was responsible for the finds. These finds were given a number, were drawn and photographed. They also worked with a Total Station, to shoot the positions of the shipwreck.

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Besides all the work we had to do during the field school, we also had a few days off, when the weather was ‘bad’. Since the site was located on the Baltic Sea coast, an easterly wind caused high waves, which was too dangerous to dive in as the site was really close to shore and only 3 meters deep. But although we couldn’t dive it was really beautiful, sunny weather. We spent those days off in the beautiful nature park on Rügen, in the Hanseatic city of Stralsund, and walking and cycling on the island. It was an amazing place to be, with a lot of history and beautiful nature.

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Sailing in Roskilde

Only one day after we came back from the field school, we had another trip planned. This time we went back to Roskilde. The first time we went there, we spent our day looking at how Viking boats were built and how the Vikings lived. This time we got the experience at how to sail like a Viking! We sailed on a replica of a clinker-built boat, that was built originally in Norway. First we needed to row out of the harbour, before we could start sailing in the Roskilde Fjord. During the 2 hour sailing trip we learnt all about rigging, sailing and steering. We did a lot of different sailing-techniques, which made it really exiting.

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Introduction first-years

After a two-month holiday, we and other members of MASE organized an introduction for the new first year students. We went to Ribe, the oldest town of Denmark, where we got a tour from the Viking Museum through the town. It was really interesting, and even though we had the tour last year as well, we still learned some new things about the town. After the tour we had some free time, so we showed some of the people some nice places in the town. Afterwards we headed back to Esbjerg, where we had a nice barbeque to finish the day.

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Classes have started again. In the next blog we will give an overview of these classes and what can be expected from them. Until next time!


Robert de Hoop & Nicole Schoute

More insight in the thirty shipwrecks around Christmas Island

We are now reasonably confident that the 1724 Fortuyn does not lie between 0-30 meters in the water off Christmas Island. We have re-run the priority areas on the south-west side of the island with a more sensitive magnetometer (for detecting magnetic iron objects such as anchors and cannon) than we employed in 2015. Divers have visually inspected all of the promising anomalies without seeing cultural material. Some of the anomalies have been discounted because they appear to have been affected by the magnetic basalt rock forming the core of the island.

We did some more photogrammetry in the last couple

We did some more photogrammetry in the last couple of days to hone our skills. This time we tried to do an object underwater and chose a mooring anchor. The computer is still crunching the data so we’ll show you the result in the next blog!

Christmas Island is fringed with a thick underwater coral platform. Its width varies and most of it slopes gently before curving steeply downward into the depths. During the last two weeks we have been following up on stories from the Dutch Facebook followers and the Christmas Island community about other shipwrecks here or nearby, in particular the Dutch ships, the 1100 ton Arinus Marinus wrecked in 1821 and the 500 ton Vice Admiraal Rijk wrecked in 1852, but also a lot of others.

The Dutch ship named the Vice Admiraal Rijk was lost on the south-west side of the island in 1852. Three men survived, managing to scale the cliffs and living ashore on raw seabirds for 57 days before being rescued by another passing ship. One of the three men left a detailed account of the wreck and his experience on the island. Around midnight the ship crashed onto the cliffs on the north side of the south-west point, breaking a large hole in the bow before turning out from the cliffs and immediately sinking entirely below the waves, with all sails still set.

We regard the Vice Admiraal Rijk as a useful model for assessing what would have happened to the Fortuyn if it struck the south-west coast. So we placed a major focus on inspecting the north side of the south-west point, carrying out a visual inspection of the anomalies and then swimming abreast along the coral platform. We saw no wreckage.

We inspected all the anomalies on the north side of the south-west point using divers and then swam abreast along the coral platform

The coral covering on the Eisvold, a 1942 shipwreck elsewhere on the island, is up to 0.5 meters thick, and coral would be expected to conceal smaller cultural objects on a wreck on south-west point. However, if the Vice Admiraal Rijk had broken up on the platform we should have seen objects such as large anchors protruding above the coral. Much of the platform there is only around 50 meters wide, with a vertical drop off into some 90 meters water depth. The Vice Admiraal Rijk must have slipped over the precipice without first breaking up.

Much of the platform is only around 50 meters wide, with a vertical drop off into some 90 meters water depth

Our theorizing, about whether a vessel striking the cliffs would break up against the cliffs or bounce back from the cliffs and slide off the platform into deep water, was based on accounts of the sinking in 2010, near Flying Fish Cove, of the asylum boat SIEV 221. Residents saw that that vessel was trapped between the swells and the backwash, in a ‘washing machine’ effect.

At the south-west point we saw a lot of small pieces of plastic bags suspended in the water column –  plastic brought from Indonesia on southerly water currents, then trapped close to the cliffs in the same washing machine effect. It appears then, that this would trap small items such as plastic bags, and even a medium sized object such as the SIEV 221 (a light wooden fishing vessel probably under 20 metres). However, probably not such a large object as the 35-metre hull of the Vice Admiraal Rijk. If this wreck has not been trapped by the violent pushing of the waves and swells, then probably the larger, 800 ton and 44-metre long Fortuyn wouldn’t either and may have slipped well beyond the 30-metres depth limit of our search.

At the south-west point we saw a lot of small pieces of plastic bags suspended in the water column – plastic brought from Indonesia on southerly water currents, then trapped close to the cliffs in the washing machine effect

Will we ever know? There is a slight chance of finding the wreck at Cocos Keeling. We will find out in the next coming week! The diving on Christmas Island gave us lot of new insights on other – some of them also Dutch – wrecks and a list of 30 shipwrecks that may have been foundered close to Christmas Island. School children have been taught about their past and the students on the project, me and Shinatria, have had a great time so far, learning enormously about the search for shipwreck. But we are not ready yet!

Cocos Keeling, here we come!




Rainy days, more research and wreck stories: updates from Christmas Island

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So what have we been up to last week?

29-02-2016 – Today we were kept to shore with torrential rain pouring on the island. Not that rain should in itself stop maritime archaeology but as we are using electronics and the water integrity of the vessel’s cabin is not perfect, we choose to err on the side of safety for the equipment. Taking advantage of another day on shore the team split up to achieve multiple objectives. Magnetometer data collected in previous days is being processed. Initially mag data was analysed which correlated to the expected wreck location of the Eidsvold. We were highly gratified to know that we were able to locate a known site.

Meet the team members in this blog

Other work continued on translating Dutch archival information, preparing for proposed photogrammetry on the Emden site (should weather allow us access) and calibrating equipment for taking corrosion potential measurements tomorrow. A large amount of pot noodles and canned tuna continued to be consumed by the group!

Photo 1Robert de Hoop & Graeme Henderson working on translating Dutch archival information.

Photo 2Shinatria going through the calibration of equipment prior to commencing a corrosion survey of two local shipwrecks.

Computer Vision Photogrammetry
Recent advances in technology have made photogrammetry an easy and effective means of creating 3D models. The practice is now relatively commonplace on most archaeological excavations, terrestrial or underwater. Recognising the archaeological and interpretive value of photogrammetry team members have been practising collecting images and processing those images into 3D models to be better placed to rapidly document any site in the short time available during fieldwork.

Attached are some images of a Prahu Cadik located at Flying Fish Cove and an anchor found leaning outside the local pub. As you can see the anchor has a shackle (for chain) rather than a ring (for hemp rope). This is reported to have become common after the invention of the steam hammer in the 1830’s. The anchor may date from c 1840-1880 and is in the Admiralty pattern.

Photo 3The 3D model of a Prahu Cadik which was located at Flying Fish Cove that we made.

Photo 4A 3D model of an anchor found leaning outside the local pub.

We are now trying to make 3D models using GoPro footage from last year’s expedition.

01-03-2016 – Today was another rainy day, but we decided to go out on the water anyway. We surveyed the entire west side of the island and filled in some gaps on the south side. The surveying should now be done! With the weather clearing up we can hopefully start diving soon to check out the anomalies that we have found. Tomorrow morning the gathered data will be post processed and refined and in the afternoon, if weather allows it, we will dive on the Nissi Maru and the Eidsvold to measure the corrosion of the wrecks. This will give us an indication of the degradation/corrosion process around the island.

Photo 5As Azmi Yon said: ‘It is like a tropical Baltic Sea’.

Photo 6Everyone hard at work during the magnetometer survey.

Wrecksites around the island
In our previous blogs we also started to introduce other wrecks around Christmas Island. Beside looking for the Fortuyn other aims of this project are  the training of students and the inventory of the seabed around the island. While doing our magnetometer research and continuing the historical research we came across other really interesting wreck sites. The two – non-Dutch-  sites below  -the Eidsvold and the Nissi Maru – will be dived upon in the days to come as part as a measurement to establish the rate of corrosion on the metal wrecks.

On 21 January 1942 the Norwegian vessel Eidsvold was loading phosphate in Flying Fish Cove, Christmas Island, when it was struck by a torpedo from the Japanese submarine I-159. The ship broke in two and was abandoned by her 31 crew. The vessel drifted and eventually sank off West White Beach. On the 6th of  February, the crew were rescued by HMS Durban. They arrived at Batavia, Netherlands East Indies on the 20th  of February. At that time, the attack of Japan on the Dutch colony has already began. The Dutch Indies will capitulate on the 9th of March that year.

Photo 4T

The Eidsvold caught fire after it was attacked and is portrayed on a stamp from Christmas Island.

The location of the wreck is known and the team used this wreck to test the magnetometer. Taking the magnetometer over a known shipwreck site enables us to calibrate the instrument, and ensure ability to pick up ferrous material from an unknown shipwreck. It also helps to refine our ability to acquire data and interpret in the field. This allows great flexibility while working on the boat. The magnetic signature is clearly seen and the system is working extremely well. We will also measure the corrosion of this wreck using corrosion potential monitoring equipment later this week.

Photo 5The result of taking the magnetometer over the Eidsvold.

Nissei Maru

Photo 6

Flying Fish Cove in 1929 from the cliff top. The pier is longer than it is now and during diving we found not only the Nissei Maru but also a lot of parts that must have belonged to the destroyed pier.

The same kind of corrosion measurements will be conducted on the Nissei Maru. This Japanese cargo ship of 338 tons was moored at the pier on the 17th of November 1942when it was torpedoed – as claimed – by the US submarine Searaven (SS-196).  The island was occupied by Japanese forces at the time. The sinking of the Nissei Maru marks the end of Japanese attempts to export phosphate from the island. During the attack the pier was also damaged and a storm in 1951 did  damage to the jetty even more and it was demolished soon after.

Robert de Hoop

Introducing the Fortuyn 2016 team

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A couple of blogs have already been written and the team has already been working together for a week on Christmas Island, so it is due time to properly introduce everyone. We also finally got a photo with everyone in it! So here we go, from left to right:

Photo 1Team members in 2016 along the back from the left to the right: Alex Moss Graeme Henderson, Shinatria Adhityatama and Robert de Hoop. In the front row James Parkinson and Andrew Viduka

Graeme Henderson (AM, Cit WA)

In 1963 Graeme made the first discovery of a 17th century shipwreck in Australian waters. In the following year he and co-finders, brother Alan, father Jim and John Cowan, persuaded the Western Australian Museum to become responsible for historic shipwrecks with a Deed of Assignment, transferring their finder’s rights of the Gilt Dragon (Vergulde Draeck) to the Museum. Graeme joined the Museum in 1969 and worked in the field of Maritime Archaeology until 1992. From 1992-2005 he was the Inaugural Director of the Western Australian Maritime Museum. From 1993-2005 he was Delegate to the Commonwealth Minister for the Historic Shipwrecks Act.

He developed awareness of Australia’s 18th century shipwrecks, leading early expeditions to the wrecks of the Sydney Cove off Tasmania, HMS Sirius on Norfolk Island and HMS Pandora off Queensland. He escorted VIPs through the Western Australian Maritime Museum including Prince Phillip, Prince Charles, the Sultan of Brunei and Prince Willem-Alexander of Orange (now King of the Netherlands).

He jointly led a UNESCO Mission to examine the feasibility of establishing the world’s first underwater Museum at the Pharos Lighthouse at Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Australia ICOMOS invited him to establish the International Committee on Underwater Cultural Heritage Heritage and in that role he coordinated the development of the draft for the Annex of the UNESCO 2001 Convention for Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, now adopted by 54 countries.

Graeme arranged a partnership between the Maritime Museum and the Duyfken Replica Foundation for the construction of the replica Duyfken at the Museum. He lobbied successfully to have Australia’s Most Famous Yacht Australia II brought back to Western Australia. He is the author of 13 books and over 100 articles about the maritime heritage. Since 2009 he has been a Research Associate with the Western Australian Museum.

Andrew Viduka (B.A., B.App.Sci., MMA) 

Andrew Viduka has been employed as an Archaeological Objects Conservator, Maritime Archaeologist and Cultural Heritage Manager. Andrew is a Research Associate of the Department of Archaeology at Flinders University, Churchill Fellow, member of Australia ICOMOS, Bureau member of the ICOMOS International Committee on the Underwater Cultural Heritage (ICUCH) and Councilor of the Australasian Institute for Maritime Archaeology (AIMA). He is the author of numerous scientific papers and contributed to and co-edited the 2014 Towards Ratification: Papers from the 2013 AIMA Conference Workshop.

Andrew is employed as the Assistant Director of Maritime Heritage in the Australian Government Department of the Environment and administers the Commonwealth Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976 and Australia’s National Historic Shipwreck Program. Andrew is an ADAS Part 2 diver and has led the development of the Australian National Shipwreck Database and Australia’s National Research Project on in situ preservation and reburial. Andrew’s current research foci include searching for the Fortuyn shipwreck, an underwater survey of the Larnaca District of Cyprus, shared heritage management, Australian national capacity building projects and linking community outcomes with the discovery and protection of underwater cultural heritage.

James Parkinson (B.A.)

James Parkinson completed his Archaeology Degree from La Trobe University, Melbourne, (2000) and a Graduate Diploma in Maritime Archaeology from Flinders University, Adelaide, (2009). James also holds an ADAS Advanced Diploma in Dive Project Management (2014), ADAS Part 3 diver, ADAS Dive Trainer, Dive Supervisor, Dive Medic Technician and Coxswain certifications.

James began his diving career in 1995 and commercial diving career in 1998. To date James has 5000+ commercially logged dives both onshore and offshore in Australia, the Middle East and Europe. After joining Professional Diving Services, Melbourne, Victoria in 1998 James spent 16 years working as a diver, ADAS Dive Supervisor, Project Manager, ADAS Dive trainer and Operations Manager and after leaving in 2013 continues to work for PDS in a consultancy capacity. During late 2013 James was privileged to have been asked to be involved in the diving operations salvaging the Costa Concordia on the island of Giglio, Italy. For the previous 3 years James has been working offshore in the southern sector of the North Sea for a Swedish offshore diving company Nordic Dive Enterprise contracted to provide diving services from dynamically positioned vessels during the construction phases of the offshore wind farms being built off the German coast.

While continuing to pursue a career as a commercial diver James has been heavily involved in a numerous maritime archaeological projects in his career both in a voluntary and professional capacity.

Alex Moss (B.A. B.Sc. MSc)

Alex Moss is principal consultant for Maritime Heritage Surveys, and principal investigator for ShipShapeSearchers, a non-profit organisation with the research purpose of obtaining and using non-archaeological remote sensing datasets for maritime archaeological purposes.

Alex has worked as a contracting archaeologist in the UK and Australia, after gaining his Msc in maritime archaeology (2006) from the University of Southampton, B.Sc in archaeology from the Institute of Archaeology at University College London (2005) and B.A. in archaeology at Flinders University (1993).

Alex gained the part III certificate from the Nautical Archaeology Society, BSAC Sports Diver and ADAS part I commercial diving qualifications.

Shinatria Adhityatama (S.S.)

Shinatria Adhityatama is from Jakarta, Indonesia and graduated as Bachelor of Archaeology from Gadjah Mada University in 2012. He’s one of the Indonesian Maritime Archaeologists who is currently working for National Research Center for Archaeologist (Puslit Arkenas) in Jakarta, Indonesia and has published peer reviewed papers.

Shinatria has been diving since 2006 and doing research on maritime archaeology since 2008. Since then he has been involved in domestic and international maritime archaeology projects and training. Some of the projects include: The exploration of German U-boat in Java Sea in 2013; The exploration of Prehistoric Maritime Culture in Misool Island, Raja Ampat in 2014; Survey the HMAS Perth (I) in Sunda straits in 2014; The exploration of Underwater Archaeology in the Outer Island of Indonesia: Natuna Island in 2015; Research for Shipwrecks in Belitung Island in 2015; and participated in the Underwater Archaeology Research and Field School in Selayar Island in 2015.

Robert de Hoop (B.A. Hons)

Robert de Hoop is from the Netherlands and is currently studying for his masters at the Maritime Archaeology Programme at the University of Southern Denmark. Robert completed a bachelor in Archaeology with Honors at Saxion University of Applied Sciences in the Netherlands and has obtained his commercial diving IDSA level 1 ticket, Commercial SCUBA Diver. Robert’s undergraduate thesis about predicting underwater cultural heritage was linked to an internship at the Maritime Programme of the Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands.

Robert participated at: the International Fieldschool of Maritime Archaeology Flevoland, where he helped with the excavation of a ship on land (the OR49); in writing the process and best practice guidelines for the EU-project SASMAP; and the Oostvoornse Meer project with Computer Vision Photogrammetry. Robert is continuing his involvement in photogrammetry while involved in the Fortuyn Project as an intern.


Team Fortuyn 2016 stelt zich voor

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Inmiddels hebben we al meerdere blogs gepubliceerd. Het wordt nu echt tijd om het Christmas Island team aan jullie voor te stellen.  Ook hebben we eindelijk een foto waar iedereen opstaat!

Photo 1Teamleden in 2016 vanuit de achterste rij gezien, van  links naar rechts: Alex Moss, Graeme Henderson, Shinatria Adhityatama and Robert de Hoop. In the front row James Parkinson and Andrew Viduka

Graeme Henderson (AM, Cit WA)

In 1963 ontdekte Graeme voor het eerst een 17e eeuws scheepswrak in Australische wateren. In het opvolgende jaar heeft hij met zijn compagnons, broer Alan, vader Jim en John Cowan, het Western Australian Museum ervan kunnen overtuigen de verantwoordelijkheid voor dit historische scheepswrak te nemen. In een overeenkomst zijn de vindersrechten van de Vergulde Draek aan het museum overgedragen. Graeme is in 1969 in dienst gekomen bij het museum en hij is tot 1992 werkzaam geweest bij de sectie  maritieme archeologie. Van 1992-2005 was hij directeur van het Western Australian Museum en van 1993-2005 was hij afgevaardigde bij de Commonwealth Minister for the Historic Shipwreck Act.

Hij ontwikkelende een bewustzijn in Australië voor 18de eeuwse scheepswrakken, leidde de eerste expedities naar de wrakken van de Sydney Cove uit Tasmanië , HMS Sirius op Norfolk Island en HMS Pandora uit Queensland. Ook begeleidde hij VIP’s door het Western Australian Maritime Museum , waaronder de Britse Prinsen Philip en Charles , de sultan van Brunei en prins Willem – Alexander van Oranje (nu Koning van Nederland).

Hij leidde een UNESCO missie om de haalbaarheid van de oprichting van ‘s werelds eerste onderwater Museum aan de Pharos vuurtoren in Alexandrië te toetsen, één van de zeven wonderen van de Oude Wereld. Australië ICOMOS nodigde hem ook uit voor het Internationaal Comité voor Onderwater Cultureel Erfgoed en in die rol coördineerde hij de ontwikkeling van de UNESCO-conventie 2001 voor de bescherming van het cultureel erfgoed onderwater, dat nu door 52 landen is geratificeerd.

Graeme heeft een samenwerkingsverband opgezet tussen het Maritiem Museum en de Duyfken Replica Foundation voor de bouw van de replica Duyfken in het Museum. Hij  heeft er ook voor gezorgd dat Australië ’s  meest bekende sportzeil jacht Australië II weer werd teruggebracht naar West-Australië en dar nu in het Western Australian Museum tezien is. Hij is de auteur van 13 boeken en heeft meer dan 100 artikelen over het maritieme erfgoed geschreven. Sinds 2009 is hij voor onderzoek verbonden aan het Western Australian Museum.

Andrew Viduka (B.A., B.App.Sci., MMA) 

Andrew Viduka is werkzaam als  conservator archeologische objecten, maritiem archeoloog en Cultureel Erfgoed Manager. Ook is Andrew als geassocieerd onderzoeker verbonden aan de afdeling Archeologie van Flinders University, Churchill Fellow, lid van Australië ICOMOS , Bureau lid van het ICOMOS Internationaal Comité van het cultureel erfgoed onder water ( ICUCH ) en raadslid van de Australasian Instituut voor Maritieme Archeologie (AIMA) . Hij is de auteur van verschillende wetenschappelijke artikelen en heeft bijgedragen aan en was co- redacteur van het in 2014 gepubliceerde Towards Ratification: Papers from the 2013 AIMA Conference Workshop over de mogelijkheden voor ratificatie van het UNESCO verdrag voor de bescherming van het  onderwater cultureel erfgoed door Australië  

Ook is hij werkzaam als adjunct-directeur van het maritieme erfgoed bij het Australische departement wat onderdeel is van het ministerie van Milieu. Het departement  beheert de Gemenebest  historische scheepswrakken wet (Historic Shipwreck Act) uit 1976 en het Nationaal Historisch Scheepswrakken Programma van Australië. Andrew is een ADAS Part 2 duiker en heeftde ontwikkeling van het Nationaal onderzoeksprogramma voor in situ behoud en de herbegraving in Australië geleid. Andrew’s huidige onderzoek richt zich onder meer op de zoektocht naar het Fortuyn scheepswrak, een onderwater survey van het district Larnaca op Cyprus, gemeenschappelijk erfgoed beheer, Australische nationale projecten voor capaciteitsopbouw en het koppelen van de gemeenschap met de ontdekking en de bescherming van cultureel erfgoed onder water.

James Parkinson (B.A.)

James Parkinson voltooide zijn Archeologie opleiding bij de La Trobe University, Melbourne, (2000) en is afgestudeerd in Maritieme archeologie bij Flinders University, Adelaide (2009). James heeft ook een ADAS Advanced Diploma in duik project management ( 2014), ADAS deel 3 duiker, ADAS duik trainer, duikploegleider, technisch medisch duiker en stuurman certificeringen.

James begon zijn duikcarrière in 1995 en vanaf 1998 mag hij ook als commercieel duiker opereren. Tot op heden heeft James 5000+ commercieel gelogde duiken zowel in binnenwateren als offshore in Australië, het Midden-Oosten en Europa. Na de toetreding tot Professional Diving Services, Melbourne, Victoria in 1998 is James 16 jaar als commercieel duiker werkzaam geweest en als ADAS Dive Supervisor, Project Manager, ADAS Dive trainer en als Operations Manager. Daarna is hij blijven werken als duik consultant. Eind 2013 is James gevraagd om te ondersteunen bij de duikoperaties en berging van de Costa Concordia op het eiland Giglio, Italië. De afgelopen 3 jaar heeft James offshore gewerkt in de Noordzee voor het Zweedse duikbedrijf Nordic Dive Enterprise voor het bouwen van windmolenparken voor de Duitse kust.

Naast zijn carrière als een commercieel duiker is James ook betrokken bij een groot aantal maritieme archeologische projecten, op zowel vrijwillige als professionele basis.

Alex Moss (B.A. B.Sc. MSc)

Alex Moss werkt als hoofdconsultant voor Maritime Heritage Surveys  en is hoofdonderzoeker van ShipShapeSearchers, een non-profit organisatie met als doel om inzicht te verkrijgen in het gebruik van niet – archeologische remote sensing datasets voor maritiem archeologisch doeleinden.

Alex heeft gewerkt als archeoloog in het Verenigd Koninkrijk en Australië, na het behalen van zijn Master of Science in de maritieme archeologie ( 2006) aan de Universiteit van Southampton, Bachelor of Science in de archeologie van het Instituut voor Archeologie aan University College London (2005) en Bachelor in de archeologie aan Flinders University (1993).


Alex heeft de kwalificatiesdeel III certificaat van de Nautical Archaeology Society, BSAC Sport Diver en ADAS deel I commerciële duiken.

Shinatria Adhityatama (S.S.)

Shinatria Adhityatama woont in Jakarta, Indonesië en heeft in 2012 de Bachelor in de archeologie behaald aan  de Gadjah Mada Universiteit. Hij is een van de Indonesische maritieme archeologen die momenteel werkzaam is voor  het Nationale onderzoekscentrum voor archelogie (Puslit Arkenas) in Jakarta, Indonesië en heeft diverse artikelen gepubliceerd.

Shinatria duikt sinds 2006 en sinds 2008 doet hij onderzoek in de maritieme archeologie. Sindsdien is hij betrokken geweest bij de binnenlandse en internationale maritieme archeologie projecten en trainingen. Een aantal van de projecten zijn: De verkenning van de Duitse U-boot in de Javazee in 2013; Onderzoek naar de prehistorische Maritieme Culturen op Misool Island, Raja Ampat in 2014; De onderzoek naar  de HMAS Perth (I) in Straat Soenda in 2014; Onderwater Archeologische vrkenning bij het ‘Outer Island’ van Indonesië: Natuna Island in 2015; Onderzoek voor scheepswrakken in Belitung Island in 2015; en hij nam deel aan de Onderwater Archeologie Onderzoek en Field School in Selayar Island in 2015.

Robert de Hoop (B.A. Hons)

Robert de Hoop komt uit Nederland en volgt momenteel zijn masters in de Maritieme Archeologie aan de Universiteit van Zuid-Denemarken. Robert voltooide een bachelor in de Archeologie bij Saxion in Nederland en heeft zijn commerciële duiken IDSA niveau 1 behaald en zijn Commercial Scuba certificering verkregen. Hij heeft onderzoek gedaan naar de bruikbaarheid van de Historisch Geo-Morfologische waardenkaarten van de Waddenzee als stage bij het Maritiem Programma van de Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed.  Robert heeft ook deelgenomen aan de International Fieldschool for Maritime Archaeology in Flevoland (IFMAF), waar hij hielp met het opgraven van een schip op het land (de OR49), het schrijven van ‘Best Practices’ voor het EU – project SASMAP ; en tijdens het Oostvoornse Meer project werkte hij aan 3D fotogrammetrie. Ook tijdens het Fortuyn project zal hij zich hier mee bezig gaan houden.